Standard of the Chromium Alloy Cast Grinding Balls in Building Materials Industry (4)

5.Technical requirements

5.1 The deviate diameter of the casting grinding balls should be accord to the requirements of the Table 1.

5.2 The shape deviation of the cast grinding ball shall be less than or equal to the diameter deviation of the cast grinding ball of the same size

5.3 The chemical composition of the cast grinding ball shall be in accordance with Table 2

   (Table  2 )


BrandChemical Composition





Hi-Cr casting balls

ZQCr172. 0-3.20.3〜1.00- 4~1. 5 (1.6〜2.5)16 〜190~1.00〜L20-0.30 〜0.15≤0.10≤0. 06
Hi-Cr casting ballsZQCr151.8〜3.20.3〜1.214 〜160-1.00〜1.20〜0.30-0.15≤0.10≤0. 06
Hi-Cr casting ballsZQCr121.8-3.20, 3〜1.511 〜140-1.00〜1.20-0.30 〜0.15≤0.10≤0. 06
Hi-Cr casting ballsZQCr82. 1〜3.20.5〜2.20.5〜1.57.0—100〜1.00-1.20〜0.30-0.15≤0.10≤0. 06
 Low-Cr casting ballsZQCr22. 0-3- 60.3〜1.20.5 〜1.51.0-3.00-1.00 〜0.80-0.30〜0.15≤0.10

≤0. 08

5.4 Mechanical Properties of CastingBalls

5.4.1 The surface hardness should be accordance with the table 3

                                 (Table 3)


BrandSurface Hardness (HRC)

Quenched (A)


Hi-Cr casting balls

Hi-Cr casting ballsZQCrl5≥56


Hi-Cr casting balls

Medium-Cr casting ballsZQCr8≥52


Low-Cr casting ballsZQCr2


5.4.2 The hardness difference of a casting ball along the diameter of the center of the gate on the Cross section from the center of the gate to the center of the ball has specific requirements. For high chrome balls, the difference should be within 2 degrees; for medium and low chrome balls, the difference should be within 3 degrees.

5.4.3 The impact fatigue life of the casting grinding balls: for high chrome balls, the impact value should be equal or over 10 000 times; for medium chrome balls should be equal or over 9 000times; for low chrome balls should be equal or over than 8 000 times.

5.5 The low-power structure of the casting ball is not allowed to have cracks, shrinkage holes, shrinkage porosity, slag inclusion, porosity, segregation and other casting defects that affect the performance.

5.6 The ball breaking rate and ball consumption of the castingball shall be implemented in accordance with appendix A

5.7 The surface quality of the casting balls

5.7.1 Shrinkage holes, casting or heat treatment cracks, severe cold insulation, and wrinkled skin are not allowed

5.7.2 Surface defects allowed for casting balls shall comply with table 4

                                     ( Table 4)


The allowable surface defect is not greater than
More meat, less meat at the gate (mm)

Width of sand near gate( mm)

Localized Flash(mm)Holes (not the shrinkage cavity)


Unit area (mm2)

Total area (mm2)

10 ≤SФ≤25

30 ≤SФ≤50

1.53,01.01, 06


      60 ≤SФ≤90                2.0           4.0            1.0        1. 5            10          45
100≤SФ≤1202.55.01.52. 012


NOTE:SФ means the diameter of the balls